The culture of Ecuador is as
diverse as the landscape of the country itself.
Ecuador is a multiethnic and multicultural nation. It has a
population of more than 13.6 million (mestizo [mixed
Amerindian and white] 65%, Amerindian 25%, Spanish 7%, black
3%). Those who live in the
highlands, the Pacific coast, the Amazon region and the
Galapagos Islands. More than 14 indigenous groups live on the
Ecuadorian mainland, maintaining their own traditions and ways
of life. The the principal indigenous groups of
the Amazon region are: Huaoranis, Achuar, Shuar, Cofan,
Siona-Secoya, Shiwiar and Zaparo.
Los Tagaeri, related to the Huaorani, are another group from
this area. The Tageri were declared “intangible” by the State,
in order to respect their wish to live far from civilization.
The principle indigenous groups of the highlands are the Quichua, Cañaris, and Saraguros.
In northern Ecuador, live the
Awa community. On the Pacific coast, live the Chachis, Cayapas,
Tsachilas, and Huancavilcas. The nations cities and villages
are primarily populated by people of mixed race, white, and
Afro-Ecuadorians, although large numbers of indigenous
migrants have moved from the country to the city. This
has caused some problems
such as growth of
slums, lack of housing and schools, unemployment, crime, among