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Geography of Ecuador Republic

Costa (the coast)

Ecuador geography, CostaThe western coastal area of Ecuador, bordering the Pacific Ocean, rising from coastal plain with many mangroves, although many of these have now been destroyed   by   shrimp  farming,   to  the foothills of the Andes Mountains to the east; many banana, cacao and coffee plantations, as well. Guayaquil, located on the southern part of the coast is the biggest city of the country, with some beautiful beaches and an ocean port. In the north coast of Ecuador the port of Balao in Esmeraldas is used for oil export and the port

of Manta is used by the United States Air Force as a control point for narcotics traffic control.

Sierra (Andes)

Geography of Ecuador, SierraThe central belt of Ecuador that includes the high Andes Mountains, inland from the coast; with volcanoes and mountain peaks that sport year-round snow   on    the   equator;   many   areas   long   since deforested by  agriculture;  a  number  of  cut-flower growing operations; at a certain altitude zone may be found the cloud forests, los bosques nublados.

Quito, the capital city, is located in a high mountain valley on the west side of the highest mountains.

Ecuador is an ideal base for a wide variety of adventures and tours in the Galapagos Islands and the Amazon.

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