In October 9, 1820, almost without
bloodshed, a group of civilians supported by soldiers from the
"Granaderos de Reserva", a Peruvian battalion quartered in
Guayaquil, overwhelmed the resistance of the Royalist guards
and arrested the Spanish authorities. Guayaquil declared
independence from Spain. Jose Joaquin de Olmedo was named "Jefe
Civil" of Guayaquil. In 1822 José de San Martin and Simon Bolivar held a famous conference in Guayaquil to plan for the
independence of Spanish South America.