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History of Portoviejo Ecuador

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Ecuador main cities, Portoviejo

Portoviejo was the place where the Valdivia, Machalilla and Chorrera cultures settled from the "Formative Period", 3,500 BC to 500 AD.

In the Regional Development period, 500 BC to 500 AD, the Guangala, Bahia and Jama-Coaque cultures settled.

Portoviejo foundation

It was founded by Francisco Pacheco on March 12th, 1535. The new city, located near Charapoto, was called Villa Nueva de San Gregorio, in homage to Gregory the Great, whose feast day was that day.

At the foundation, a square was created with a wooden cross raised in the middle, with the act of foundation on it. Given its importance, in the same year it was raised to the category of a lieutenancy, one of the seven lieutenancies of the Corregimiento of Guayaquil, consisting of 6 parishes: Montecristi, Charapoto, Pichota, Jipijapa, Picoaza and Manta.

The foundation, which was initially made very close to the sea, helped in the strategy of the conquest of the Reino de Quito.

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