Galapagos Islands tourist attractions
Galapagos Giant Tortoise: (Geochelone
Galapagos tortoise is the largest living
tortoise. It can weigh over 500 pounds and measure 6 feet from head to
tail. It is a very slow-moving animal, moving only 0.16 miles per
hour. The Galapagos tortoise has a very large shell made of bone. The
shell can be domed, saddle-backed, or somewhere in between. Domed
shells are found on tortoises that live in areas with lush vegetation.
Saddle-back shells allow the tortoise to reach vegetation higher off
the ground. This shell is more common in areas with less vegetation.
Habitat: The giant tortoise sleeps for about sixteen hours each
day and keeps cool either by taking mudbaths or by partly submerging
itself in water. They can survive for long periods without drinking
and obtain most of their moisture from the dew found on vegetation.
Fresh young grass is the favourite food of the tortoise but in the
drier regions of the Galapagos Islands this is often scarce so instead
they feed on the Opuntia cactus.