Galapagos Islands are an archipelago of 13
major islands, 6 minor islands and 42 islets or
surfacing rocks, a total of 8.000 sq Km2 approximately located
in the Pacific Ocean about 1,000 kilometers west of the coast
of South America.
Galapagos archipelago is politically
part of Ecuador. The oldest of the islands are about 4 million
years old and the youngest are still in the process of being
formed. Indeed, the Galapagos Islands are considered to be one
of the most active volcanic areas in the world.
The islands are famed for their vast number
of endemic species and the studies conducted by Charles Darwin
that led to his theory of natural selection.
Galapagos Islands vacation cruises
The islands are jointly operated by the
Galapagos National Park Service and
Charles Darwin Research Station.
The Park Service provides
rangers and guides, and is responsible for overseeing the many
tourists who visit each year.